Health & Fitness

How Is Lung Cancer Diagnosed and Treated?

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells in tissues, and when this abnormal cell growth begins in the lungs, it is referred to as lung cancer. Lungs are two large organs in the chest cavity that play a vital role in respiration and breathing.

Today, lung cancer has become very common and results in more than a million deaths every year worldwide. Smoking cigarettes is undoubtedly the single most significant risk factor causing lung cancer.

Tobacco smoke contains more than 60 toxic substances known to be carcinogenic (cancer-producing). This cancer is indicated by weight loss, coughing up blood, or regularly going out of breath. It can be noticed on chest radiographs, also called CT scans. good girl perfume

It can be treated by surgery, chemotherapy, or radiotherapy; cancer treatment in Chennai depends on the stage one is in. This article will further discuss the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer in detail; continue reading!

Lung cancer diagnosis

The physician first evaluates a person’s medical history for lung cancer diagnosis. They will perform your physical examination and ask if you smoke or have smoked previously, your occupation and place of work to determine if you have been exposed to environmental and occupational substances and your family history of cancer.

Besides this, the doctor will prescribe further medical tests and chest X-rays to find the cause of the symptoms. Screening helps to discover cancer early when it is treatable by a series of tests before a person shows any signs.

Early cancer detection proves favorable for curing cancer entirely instead of detecting symptoms when cancer might have spread. There are several ways of diagnosing if a person is in the early stages of lung cancer.

The primary method is to check for general signs of health and ill health, such as diseases, unusual lumps, bumps, and anything else that seems atypical. The history of personal health habits, past illnesses, and treatments for those illnesses.

Additionally, the laboratory tests can help diagnose the disease and assist in planning, managing, and monitoring the Treatment. These tests are sputum test, fiberoptic bronchoscopy, percutaneous needle biopsy, mediastinoscopy, mediastinotomy, thoracentesis, thoracotomy, thoracoscopy, and more.

Other tests and procedures to detect lung cancer may include chest X-ray, CT scanning, MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging), and PET (Positron emission tomography). You can get these tests done in any cancer treatment hospital in Chennai.

Lung cancer treatment

The traditional treatments for lung cancer are surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted therapies, and photodynamic therapy. However, your cancer treatment in Chennai will depend on what kind of lung cancer you have and what stage your cancer is at.

In case of surgery, there are many kinds to treat lung cancer, namely-

  • Pneumonectomy (where the entire lung is removed),
  • Lobectomy (where a section “lobe” of the lung is removed),
  • Laser surgery (where a high-energy beam of light destroys the cancer cells in a tumor)
  • Segmentectomy/wedge resection (where a part of a lobe is removed),

In the case of radiation therapy, high-energy radiation is used to kill cancer cells. The high-energy rays are directed towards your cancer or by a small pellet that gets implanted on or near the tumor.

In the case of chemotherapy, one or more anti-cancer drugs are administered to the patient either by injection or orally. This treatment takes several weeks or months as the drugs are given with breaks in between so that the patient’s body can recover.

This is how lung cancer can be diagnosed and treated, and hopefully, your questions about this deadly disease have been answered.

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